1. The mechanism is accelerated and the structure is gr […]
1. The mechanism is accelerated and the structure is gradually becoming reasonable.
In order to adapt to the situation, China's mold industry has accelerated the pace of system reform and mechanism transformation in recent years. The “three-capital” and private enterprises have occupied the leading position in the industry, and the equipment level and product level have been greatly improved, and management has made great progress. . Many companies have applied CAD/CAM/CAE integration technology, 3D design technology, ERP and IM3 information management technologies as well as high-tech processing, rapid prototyping, virtual simulation and network technology. Companies that have passed various quality system certifications are more than a year.
2, economies of scale, rapid development of the cluster
At the same time as the "small but fine" specialization continues to develop, in recent years, the scale effect has been paid more and more attention. In addition to making enterprises stronger and bigger, and making economies of scale produce benefits, mold cluster production also shows its superiority. Therefore, various types of cluster production such as “Mould City”, “Mould Park” and “Mold Production Base” are in the country. Rapid development. At present, there are more than 40 enterprises with an annual output of more than 100 million yuan in molds, more than 200 enterprises with more than 30 million yuan, and nearly 50 mold cities (parks) with certain influence. The construction of these mold accumulation production bases has played a positive role in promoting the development of China's mold industry.
3. Pay attention to brand patents and strengthen innovation and research and development
Many companies have begun to recognize the importance of “brands” and “patents”, and their capital investment and capabilities for independent innovation are constantly improving. For a long time, molds have been in the “rear” and “passive” positions, so there are few “brands” and “patents”. With the development of the market economy, companies have paid more and more attention to "brands" and "patents" in recent years. Some companies have recognized the importance of innovative R&D and their investment has increased rapidly. According to the information learned by China Die & Mould Industry Association, in recent years, the ratio of investment and sales revenue of many enterprises in innovation research and development has reached 5%, and individual enterprises have even reached 8% to 10%.
4, high-tech is popular, mold talent shortage
The technical content of molds is constantly improving, and more and more molds belonging to high-tech products. With the development of high technology, more and more mold manufacturing enterprises have been identified as high-tech enterprises by relevant government departments at all levels. According to the preliminary statistics of the China Model Association, there are currently 7 state-level high-tech enterprises in the mold industry, and nearly 100 provincial and municipal high-tech enterprises.
The shortage of talent has become increasingly prominent. Although the workforce of the mold industry in China has developed rapidly in recent years, it is estimated that it has reached nearly one million people, but it still cannot keep up with the development needs of the industry. First, the total amount is insufficient, and second, the quality is not enough to meet the needs of the development of the industry. According to Luo Baihui's investigation, the number of employees in the national mold industry is about 300,000 to 500,000, of which engineering and technical personnel account for about 20%. At present, it is especially difficult for high-quality and high-level mold enterprise managers and middle and high-level technicians and advanced technology. worker.
5. The trade deficit has increased and the export prospects are promising.
Although China's mold industry has entered the fast lane of development, it still cannot meet the needs of China's manufacturing industry because of its large gap in terms of accuracy, longevity, manufacturing cycle and capability compared with international standards and advanced industrial countries. . Especially in the precision, large, complex, long-life molds, still in short supply. Therefore, a large amount of imports are required each year.
The dependence on foreign capital has increased year by year. After China’s accession to the WTO, it has been six years since the rapid development of foreign trade, and the dependence of China’s economy on foreign trade has risen from 30% to 70%. At the same time, in recent years, it is the period when foreign capital has entered China in large numbers. With the continuous expansion and deepening of the policy of opening up to the outside world, foreign investment in China's mold industry has also increased, and the dependence on foreign capital has also increased year by year. For example, Guangdong Province is the largest province of China's molds, and its production capacity accounts for about 40% of the country. Among the province's mold production capacity, foreign-funded enterprises account for about 60%, and joint ventures account for about 10%. The province's mold exports account for about 50% of the country's total, of which foreign exports, joint ventures also account for the majority of their exports. The dependence on foreign capital and foreign trade will have a major impact on the safety of the industry and the economic security of the entire country.